Monday, December 30, 2013


I was reading the blog entry of Chetan Bhagat ( ) where he had advocated that BJP should have supported AAP (in government forming). BJP got highest number of seats and highest voter percentage. This is a fact. If we read the vote, more number of voters supported BJP, lesser for AAP and a big NO for Congress. It was because BJP did not get majority it did not form the govt. So to save from re elections AAP should have supported a non congress govt, if they wanted to keep Congress away. Instead, Chetan Bhagat says BJP should have supported AAP. Why should a party which got highest number of seats support a party which has got second largest seats? AAP may not be acknowledging but they are closer to BJP in their outlook without BJPs nationalist ideology. So BJP supporting AAP means BJP conceding its support base to AAP.

AAP has misread the vote and has gone to form a govt with Congress support. This would derail any investigations regarding omission and commissions of Congress during last 15 years. Here was a win win combination - Congress knowing that if re-elections are held then it would not get 8 seats and therefore jumped to support AAP. AAP wanted to show the people its delivery mechanism before Loksabha polls so that it can spread its party. So here we witnessed a marriage of convenience and less of serving people of the state of Delhi. Instead of debating about many other policies of BJP, Chetan Bhagat chose to concentrate on BJP’s stand on Article 377. This is a debatable subject.  

Sunday, December 22, 2013


Aam Aadmi Party has resorted to get a fresh ‘referendum’ from ‘aam aadmi’ voters of Delhi, to form government or not to form the government.

The analysis of the recently held Delhi elections shows that 65 percent voters voted in Delhi, out of that 26 percent people voted for AAP. Those who voted for AAP definitely wanted AAP to govern as a result of anger against Congress. AAP got more negative votes than positive votes. Remember, more number of people want BJP to rule and therefore BJP got more seats and voter percentage than other parties. It proves that overwhelmingly most of the voters NEVER wanted Congress to come back to power so people would not like Congress coming near to power seat atleast for now.

The electorate has given a decision. First choice is BJP, second is AAP and NO for Congress. Contrary to this what we get here is opposite. AAP’s hurry to grab power or a case of misreading the vote,  AAP has joined hands with the party against whom they had fought the elections. This unholy nexus raise some serious issues and these are as follows

(a)          They have insulted the mandate by joining hands with Congress when overwhelmingly people have rejected Congress.

(b)          The ‘referendum’ gathered by SMS and by other means have much to be explained, it is quite clear that all of those who voted for AAP in any case wanted them to rule and therefore they must have again given YES for the government formation. Delhi has 1.23 crore voters, out of this, 66 percent voted i.e around 81 lakh voted. AAP got 30 percent of those votes that means 24 lakh votes. In other words around 19 percent of voters want them to govern. For this there was no need to go to people again. AAP went just to show others that they are more democratic. This is no way of exercising democracy. India has adopted a model to govern and to have people participation. So referendum comes as the result of election results and not by creating this farce of going to public again to ask them what should the party do.

(c)          The candidates selected by AAP are unknown faces barring one or two,  who got elected because of adverse reaction to Congress regime and hype created around Arvind Kejriwal. They were certainly not elected on their ability to govern or because of their social standing.

(d)          The promises which AAP have made should be implemented by them to show that they deliver what they promised, but while they carry out their agenda, it has to be seen that by doling out largesse (50 percent lower power tariffs and others included) the coffers of the government doesn’t go dry and empty. The opposition (BJP) should keep a strict vigil on this aspect. Otherwise these people would govern for some time (as Congress would definitely at opportune time pull the rug) and the next government would face the music of empty coffers.

(e)          As AAP is taking outside support from Congress so it goes without saying that now there cannot be any further fair and proper investigation into various omission and commission cases of Congress for last 15 yrs. Thus here is a classic case where Congress inspite of getting drubbing by getting only 8 seats, again assumes power by supporting AAP. True face of AAP has emerged.

Tail Piece – The habit of going to public and taking referendum between the elections is divisive. If they get into habit of asking referendum on issues in between the elections it is a serious threat to sovereignty. Already one of the known faces of AAP has indicated that, let people of J & K decide whether to be part of India or not. If a referendum is taken at this juncture of skewed demography in J & K then the results would be disastrous and anybody relying on referendum would take a wrong decision which will affect out integrity. 



Wednesday, December 11, 2013


Aam Admi Party has earned lot of bouquets and praises for their debut success in the Delhi Assembly elections. People are praising their ability to garner volunteers as if it is unprecedented. Young journalists for whom it is a new phenomenon to see volunteers ability to connect with the masses, have therefore asked established parties to take a leaf or two from them.

Now I remember the history of BJP, it started as Jan Sangh when its election symbol was ‘Diya’ a Lamp. Jan Sangh was born out of full time pracharaks permanently seconded to this newly born party. In their RSS style (which is still present with the RSS) these pracharaks then got connected with the masses. Met them, had tea with them, sat with them, discussed issues with them over ‘Matar Pav’, became one of them and with this connect created the cadre of volunteers to propagate the cause. Jan Sangh was small party like AAP, created on the strong character of each individual pracharaks as the pillars of the party. These pracharaks were mostly unmarried (though not compulsory) gave their life for the party and to the social causes. There was no money but there was tremendous will power and self-motivation which drove the party and cadre. It was a difficult phase people were still under the hypnotic spell of Jawaharlal Nehru and then Indira Gandhi. Jan Sangh displayed great discipline coming from the RSS pracharaks and the newly motivated cadres. Shyama Prasad Mukharjee, Madan Mohan Malviya, Deen Dayal Upadhyay, Atal Bihari Vajpayee led  these cadres and L K Advani and many others from various regions added their bits to build the party. It included Bhairon Singh Shekhawat from Rajasthan, Rajmata Vijayaraje Schindia, Sunderlal Patwa from Madhya Pradesh, Rambhau Mhalgi, Jagannathrao Joshi, Ram Kapse from Maharashtra, and many other stalwarts. That time was different. People were not very cynical and angry with Congress because during Jawaharlal Nehru’s time though there were differences in the policies and ideology, the giants in Congress were less corrupt. Corruption and numbness shown by the power hungry politicians was less on display. It was an era immediately after the independence and ideology was more or less socialist. The blunders by Congress were on handling of issues which were nationally important. Like any important national issue there were two perceptions prevalent. For Kashmir, Congress introduced Article  370 and were holding one perception about the problem and its solution. On the other hand Jan Sangh was opposed to article 370 and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee laid down his life for that, in Kashmir. This was the other perception. Masses because of illiteracy and other immediate concerns about ‘Roji Roti’ were oblivious to these handling of national issues and therefore Jan Sangh was slow in creating its national imprint. Came Emergency and Jan Sangh and other opposition parties came together to oust Congress Govt under Janta Party. Somewhere during that time (1975) Congress culture took a more bad turn towards corruption and it has manifested into todays illness. After Janta Party experiment, Jan Sangh was revived as Bharatiya Janata Party which is today. So it has got those roots which were introduced by selfless services of RSS pracharaks and sharp ideology as a result of its belief in maintaining integration of our nation. The party became big and over a period of time, some of its purity was washed away due to prolong participation in politics. For Congress, they have been in power for so long that power has corrupted it. During emergency absolute power had corrupted it absolutely.


Aam Admi Party’s popularity is the result of reaction of the masses to the corruption of Congress rather than any ideology. Rather I have read and heard from one of its leader ‘if the people of Kashmir want not to be part of India then they should have right to self-assertion’ this is a very dangerous view which affects our sovereignty and oneness of our nation. Any reaction based movement generally comes with its own cover period. During independence also the reactionary movements were necessary to make the masses aware and to break their numbness. When normalcy comes these reactionary forces fold up because then a system takes over. In case of Aam Admi Party it appears therefore that this reaction is creating ample heat and it would get enough seats and form the next Government in Delhi assy when re-election happens. The rise of Telegu Desam was more stunning in that in its first election itself NTR thronged with two third majority. It was a reaction to the arrogance of Rajiv Gandhi when he insulted the Telegu pride. We all know what happened to Telgu Desam Party today. Therefore one would observe that AAP has fielded their candidates where there is Congress Govt. as per their new plan next is Maharashtra again a Congress Govt.

As I see it therefore though AAP may not be acknowledging but they are more closer to BJP in their outlook sans BJPs nationalist ideology and BJP should also not antagonize them, because as AAP is the result of reactionary mood of the masses, the more BJP antagonize them the more their supporters would vote for AAP and go away from BJP. In fact BJP should see today’s AAP supporters as tomorrows increased mandate of BJP when the reaction and hype dries out.

BJP should again adopt the path of Jan Sangh or RSS pracharaks in Delhi and elsewhere and take following steps

(a)  Take out padayatras or cycle yatras in the assembly segments propounding principles of RASHTRAVRAT for more reading on this, refer to

(b)  Increase mass contact with old traditional ways of having tea and spending more time in chit chatting with masses.

(c)  Come out with district and assembly wise wish list of the people. This can be done by organizing block wise manifestos, call it ‘Prant Jahirnama’.

(d)  Cut the pomp and show from everywhere – during rallies, during press briefings and during various core committee meetings.

(e)  Be friendlier when talking on television media.

(f)    For next delhi assembly re-elections get candidates from assembly segments by interviewing the applicants. Candidates should be new, first timers and young. It goes without saying that they should not be having any criminal case pending against them.

(g)  Try to infuse more pracharaks from RSS. Hold ‘Guru Dakshina’ rallies in the assembly segments to build up party fund.

(h)  If these steps are not taken then in the assembly re-election this time AAP would bag more seats than BJP as people are now determined to bring them. If it happens congratulate them. Remember all AAP supporters are prospective BJP supporters and not of Congress.

(i)    Please do not ridicule them but engage them in talk on Kashmir or nationalism.


Monday, October 14, 2013




I was reading 'The Hindu' which had reported announcement of this year's Nobel prize for physics. It was conferred it on Francois Englert. Francois Englert, a Belgian theoretical physicist who along with Robert Brout, in 1964 formulated the mechanism describing how fundamental particles acquire mass. Further Peter W Higgs, a British theoretical physicist who within a few days of Francois Englert’s proof published a process through which fundamental particles could have gained mass. I quote from The Hindu


The universe was born with a Big Bang 13.8 billion yrs ago, releasing a lot of energy. This energy was symmetrical, uniform in space and time. This symmetry broke 1011 s later. The particles become non uniform because they had acquired mass. This was due to the Higgs mechanism. The universe is pervaded by an invisible field of energy the Higgs field. Higgs boson is the smallest disturbance in it. Higgs bosons couple to the fundamental particles moving through the field, giving them mass. For Higgs mechanism to occur, 4 particles were necessary, electroweak forces swallowed 3 the only survivor is the Higgs boson. Large Hadron Collider (LHC) found the Higgs boson beyond reasonable doubt in January 13”.  


I was reading this to my son studying in 9th class. Though he did not understand the theory in full, partly understood that at one point of time it was hot everywhere during the Big bang, and because of those high energy and high temperatures, there was hot gas everywhere. Slowly it started cooling and crystallized into small rotating balls which resulted in Solar Systems and planetary systems. My grandma, old but still very active did not understand a thing as she was not proficient in English. I tried to tell her about origin of universe and how it all started. I told "First there was flash of energy, then there were hot and vapourised gases everywhere………" of course I was translating it in Marathi so that she could grasp it. We entered into a conversation and to my surprise this religious old lady was at ease with the subject. “Ok this is discussed in Rig Veda in Nasadiya Sukta  (Rig Veda 129 sukta of 10th mandala)”,  she said, and started telling about it,


“There was nothing in the beginning, or was there everything in subtle Tejas? Because something cannot come from nothing. ‘There was not even nothing in the beginning’ so the Tejas was breathing without a breath. The subtle Tejas which was uniform all-pervading got a desire to manifest itself,  which aggregated into gross. This started the process of creating differences thus forming the matter”.


It was a great experience to hear this from religious old lady who never studied physics. She told me that she has read it in Bhagwat, read it in Puranas, read it in Gita and heard it in Pravachans and Kirtans in different forms.


In fact she was most comfortable with the last sentence of the news referred, which I have quoted “For Higgs mechanism to occur, 4 particles were necessary, electroweak forces swallowed 3 ..................” she said this is how our Pravachankar tells us, in a very simple language which everybody understands. “There were four Anurenukan earlier. Three were swallowed and one remained, when that remaining kan interacted with the Tejas and thus gross was born………….”


Tailpiece – What was there before Bigbang? If the process started with a big bang then was there nothing before it? How can something come from nothing? Who switched ON the BigBang button? Was the Bigbang with a mind?  

To be continued…..






Saturday, September 28, 2013

VISION FOR 2014 - 2019

Vision 2014 - 2019

A nation building requires vision, it should come inherently by virtue of experience of life. In the factory of event managers, many people can spin a web of vision every year!!. Vision with lack of will is a born dead infant. Our nation requires vision and along with vision a WILL to carry that VISION.

1.    Defense sector

(a)  Procurement.      To cut the procurement time, the following is needed :-

(i)            Increase the financial limit of the CFAs. Increase to be linked to the inflation and at regular intervals automatic increase of the limits.

(ii)          All revenue procurements be brought under the service HQ and MOD should not be CFAs for that as the revenue procurements are generally used to sustain in service eqpt, fast procurement is required.

(iii)         Capital procurement upto 50 Crs be given to Service HQ where MOD need not be consulted.


(b)  Indigenisation :-

(i)            Ammunition. Indigenisation of NATO standard ammunition which is relevant to the already inducted weapons be started so that dependency upon foreign countries during war is minimized. An example is that of 70 mm  rkt ammunition for ALH (WSI). This helicopter is designed by HAL, Bangalore but the armament is foreign, the ammunition is being imported, it is a standard NATO ammunition and could be indeginized in ammunition factories but a holistic view has to be taken and concerted efforts in that direction has to be applied.

(ii)          UAVs. Unmanned Air Vehicles is future of warfare. At present we are importing these costly UAVs from Israel. We must have a plan of making the UAVs in bulk. ADE, Bangalore is designing the UAVs but they don’t have a grand plan, the vision is limited and there are no plans to manufacture it in bulk. It is more of a research project, just to keep these organisations alive.

(iii)         DRDO Labs. Like pvt companies do restructuring and shed non profitable businesses and concentrate on core businesses, DRDO is reqd to be refocused. We should make it professional and stop unproductive or low tech activities. Low tech activities could be easily passed to pvt partners in Indian industry. DRDO should not be looked as an employment giving organization but it should be totally result oriented, it should get that earlier sheen which Dr Abdul Kalam gave when he created integrated missile development programme.


2.    Urban Areas.                        The problems in urban areas are many fold. One of the main problems is ever ballooning nature of the city. Take any city, its city limits keep increasing. We must have a vision and concept of limiting the area of the city. Thereafter the next city should start and get developed. For example take the city of Bangalore. Why should its city limits be extended at all? Instead plan a city of Yelhanka. Which over a period of time should equal Bangalore in name, fame and net worth. Plan a city of Mandya. Over a period of time should equal Bangalore in name, fame and net worth. This would have following spin offs :-

(a)  States would have more number of urban areas.

(b)  Limited areas of the city would then be managed and planned well. The planning would then get more focused.

(c)  Over a period of time the cities would have home grown culture and identity.


3.    Take a Road and Re Do it.             With the limitation imposed in the geographical area of a particular city, if the following tips are employed by the municipal corporation of the city, then the city roads could become model roads in 5 yrs. If the municipal corporation re do one arterial road per two months and it is repleted to other city roads then in five years time most of the roads in urban areas would become pleasant and presentable.

(a)  Place vats at the garbage points. Pick the garbage in the night.

(b)  Bring down the stray dog and cattle menace.

(c)  Make effective width equal to the actual width of the road.

(d)  Mark the roads properly. Remember people have inherent respect for anything written, printed or marked. The first reaction is to follow the instructions. People would think twice to jump the marked line. 

(e)  Make overnight parking of the public carriers and goods carriers, not in the city but outside the city.

(f)   For GOD’s sake don’t work in compartments. Have coordination between different departments.

(g)  Have the roads broad, neatly lay out and focus on its beautification.

(h)  Make the specifications tighter, standardised and uniform.


4.    Take a Market and Re Do it. With the limitation imposed in the geographical area of the city, the number of markets would be limited and they could be developed by focused attention over 5 yrs. The other day I was in KOTLA MUBARAKPUR (same is the case for Chandni Chowk, Chawri Bazaar market) market. The market has answers for everything in terms of commerce. One has to imagine in his mind and the product is available there. It has variety of stores dealing with plethora of goods. But – here ends the story of a market. The roads are bad, the sanitation is worse, traffic sense is nil, numerous cables, TV wires pass overhead in haphazard manner, and the road is so narrow that it is impossible to travel on it. This is the scene in every market. Vision is to change this. More than vision there requires will to change this. Take it to next level by making it beautiful rather than only satisfying the basic needs for this make the specifications of high standards. There should be good roads, nice kerbs, specification should have beautification aspects, the mkts should be bustling but should not give a shabby look. Sanitation and cleanliness should be of very high standards. All overhead electrical wires, TV wires, and cables need to be neatly routed. If a dictat of supreme court through a PIL comes to reroute the wires, the government obeys and does. Then what is the problem in doing by themselves. Why wait for supreme court imposed will? The government should garner the will. Remember earlier in the case of Delhi, when the supreme court imposed a directive that the old buses should be phased out and CNG buses should be used, it was implemented by the government then who stopped them in implementing ab initio?


5.    Youth.            Make them take RASHTRAVRAT ( for further reading on concept of Rashtravrat, click on this )along with it, improve their skills. There has to be a major national mission to improve the skills of the youth. The energy of the youth, has to get channelized by making them develop skill. It has to be some skill and the youth should be so proficient in that skill that he should be able to command a price for his skill. Unless skill of youth is encouraged and developed, quality consciousness would remain a distant dream. Once the skill is developed, youth would turn enterprising and the commerce would improve, improving per capita income and making the youth an important contributor to the GDP growth of out nation.



6.    Education. We all know about the present syllabus which has been adopted by all the schools in India. We all complain about loading our child to no limits in pursuing the syllabus. We also criticize the present system where in the teachers are always burdened and thereby they cannot keep real check on the performance of the child. Present teachers can’t give enough time per child because of crowding of classrooms. Increasing the number of divisions in each class results in burdening the teacher more and to top it the teachers themselves are required to undergo never ending participation (which is more or less compulsory) in various conferences, meetings, workshops. To top it there is always the duty of invigilating various competitive exams held on various Sundays. With the Right to Education (RTE) becoming a reality, the burden is going to increase more in the coming days. RTE is a positive step in providing ‘Sarva Shiksha’ to the under privileged children and should be welcomed by everybody with open hands and individual proactive contribution is required towards achieving it. To make this happen and to maintain and improve quality of education, time has come to revisit and review the syllabus which we are presently following. We should usher ourselves in thinking differently and try to impart real and practical knowledge to the aspiring child by weeding out unnecessary activities which load the child. At the same time some relevant aspects of civic sense should be introduced which can help make their moral fabric stronger. ………..For further reading click on this


7.    Specifications. Very new concept but very relevant. Specifications are important and there should be a specifications directorate which lays out specifications which cater to our nation, which are close to international standards and should have ingredients such as high class, tight tolerance, presentable and ergonomic. If they are laid out it would be easy to get things done fast. For example, if a road has to be laid out, then the specifications are there laid out, the tenders should be based on this standardized specifications. If street lighting is to be carried out, it should be as per the standardized specification then only the standard would be maintained and development would get noticed. If a name plate has to be made for the road, then tender should be floated against a standard specification. Once the specification is set, it would control corruption as whenever a standard work is to be carried out, the standard high quality specification is available and there is no need of making one to suit any one.





Saturday, June 29, 2013


Some Snippets (All references in these snippets are taken from Wikipedia! I acknowledge it here.  You can yourself ponder on our antiquity)




History of English Language: The history of the English language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th century AD (Sanskrit, Tamil developed 3000 years before it). These tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, crossed the North Sea from what today is Denmark and northern Germany. At that time the inhabitants of Britain spoke a Celtic language. But most of the Celtic speakers were pushed west and north by the invaders - mainly into what is now Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The Angles came from "Englaland" and their language was called "Englisc" - from which the words "England" and "English" are derived. Later by 11th century Latin had more influence than Greek language on English Lexicon.


History of Greek Language: Greek has been spoken in the Balkan Peninsula since around the late 3rd millennium BC (Antiquity of Sanskrit and Tamil is as good as Greek). The earliest written evidence is found in the Linear B clay tablets in the "Room of the Chariot Tablets", an LMIII A-context (c. 1400 BC) region of Knossos, in Crete, making Greek the world's oldest recorded living language (Not Sanskrit of Tamil because in Aryavarta, Bharatvarsha we used to recite not write!). Among the Indo-European languages, its date of earliest written attestation is matched only by the now extinct Anatolian languages.


History of Latin Language: Latin is a member of the broad family of Italic languages. Its alphabet, the Latin alphabet, emerged from the Old Italic alphabets, which in turn were derived

from the Greek and Phoenician scripts. Historical Latin came from the prehistoric language of the Latium region, specifically around the River Tiber, where Roman civilization first developed. How and when Latin came to be spoken by the Romans are questions that have long been debated. Various influences on Latin of Celtic dialects in northern Italy, the non-Indo-European Etruscan language in Central Italy, and the Greek of southern Italy have been detected, but when these influences entered the native Latin is not known for certain.


History of Sanskrit Language: Sanskrit is a member of the Indo-Iranian sub-family of the Indo-European family of languages. Its closest ancient relatives are the Iranian languages Old Persian and Avestan. In order to explain the common features shared by Sanskrit and other Indo-European languages, many scholars have proposed migration hypotheses asserting that the original speakers of what became Sanskrit arrived in what is now India and Pakistan from the north-west some time during the early second millennium BC. Evidence for such a theory includes the close relationship of the Indo-Iranian tongues with the Baltic and Slavic languages, vocabulary exchange with the non-Indo-European Uralic languages, and the nature of the attested Indo-European words for flora and fauna.


History of Tamil Language: As a Dravidian language, Tamil descends from Proto-Dravidian. Linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto-Dravidian was spoken around the third millennium BC, possibly in the region around the lower Godavari river basin in peninsular India. The material evidence suggests that the speakers of Proto-Dravidian were the culture associated with the Neolithic complexes of South India. The next phase in the reconstructed proto-history of Tamil is Proto-South Dravidian. The linguistic evidence suggests that Proto-South Dravidian was spoken around the middle of the second millennium BC, and that proto-Tamil emerged around the 3rd century BC. The earliest epigraphic attestations of Tamil are generally taken to have been written shortly thereafter. Among Indian languages, Tamil has the most ancient non-Sanskritised Indian literature. Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world. It has been described as "the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past" and having "one of the richest literatures in the world". Tamil literature has existed for over 2000 years. The earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BC. The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from ca. 300 BC – 300 AD.


HISTORY OF OTHER NATIONS – Before 350 BC there were no notable invasions and the civilizations were forming.


History of England: In AD 43 the Roman conquest of Britain began; the Romans maintained control of their province of Britannia through to the 5th century.  The end of Roman rule in Britain enabled the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain, which is often regarded as the origin of England and the English people. The Anglo-Saxons, a collection of various Germanic peoples, established several kingdoms that became the primary powers in what is now England and parts of southern Scotland. They introduced the Old English language, which displaced the previous British language. The Anglo-Saxons warred with British successor states in Wales, Cornwall, and the Hen Ogledd (Old North; the Brythonic-speaking parts of northern England and southern Scotland), as well as with each other. Raids by the Vikings were frequent after about AD 800, and the Norsemen took control of large parts of what is now England. During this period several rulers attempted to unite the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, an effort that led to the emergence of the Kingdom of England by the 10th century.


History of India:       From 327 BC to 2012 AD for 2340 years of history, around 800 years were free, 800 years we were at war with various invaders and around 800 years we were under the rule of foreign invaders. At the same time South India was almost free, stable and progressing for 1400 years. There are many countries who have same pattern, England France were at war for over 1000 years! Some countries like Egypt and Middle East gave up and lost their identity. Some countries like Spain fought and when they won, finished the Muslim invaders and all their signs of victory were demolished. Therefore Spain is still free and without any sign of being ruled left in that country.


History of Russia: The history of Russia begins with that of the Eastern Slavs and the Finno-Ugric peoples. The first united East Slavic state, was founded by Rurik's successor Oleg of Novgorod in 882. The state adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988,beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Kievan Rus' ultimately disintegrated as a state because of the Mongol invasion of Rus' in 1237–1240. During that time a number of regional magnates, in particular Novgorod and Pskov, fought to inherit the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'. After the 13th century, Moscow came to dominate the former cultural center. By the 18th century, the Tsardom of Russia had become the huge Russian Empire, stretching from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth eastward to the Pacific Ocean.


History of America: The history of the United States as covered in American schools and universities typically begins with either Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage to the Americas or with the prehistory of the Native peoples, with the latter approach having become increasingly common in recent decades. Indigenous populations lived in what is now the United States before European colonists began to arrive, mostly from England, after 1600. By the 1770s, thirteen British colonies contained two and a half million people. They were prosperous and growing rapidly, and had developed their own autonomous political and legal systems. The British Parliament asserted its authority over these colonies by imposing new taxes, which the Americans insisted were unconstitutional because they were not represented in Parliament. Growing conflicts turned into full-fledged war beginning in April 1775. On July 4, 1776, the colonies declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and became the United States of America. The identity of original inhabitants were lost.

South India free for 1400 years


Some Interesting Names…


Present Name
Names during Bharatvarsh
Kabul river
kubha nadi
Yayati son anu (Yavan from corrupt form of..)
Sikander in Persian
Jhelam River
Vitasta nadi
Diu (corrupt form)
Atom Bomb
Kaal Dhwam (This is new suggested word in Hindi)
Swat  region
Punjab / Sindh
Panchnad (five rivers). Earlier in Puranas Saptasindhu (seven rivers amongst it one was Saraswati) got corrupted to HaptaHindu and people living this side of Sindu got the name of Hindu, because we were one of the strongest and modern civilization so people used to talk about us!
Jabel E Tarik
Bay of Bengal
Arabian sea
Great Trunk Road (GT Road)


Writing of Magasthenes: Such was the kingdom of Chandragupta that Megasthenes was permanent Ambassador to him (from Greece). He writes - At the beginning of his Indica, he refers to the older Indians who know about the prehistoric arrival of Dionysus and Hercules in India, which was a story very popular amongst the Greeks during the Alexandrian period. Particularly important are his comments on the religions of the Indians. He mentions the devotees of Heracles (Lord Krishna) and Dionysus (Lord Shiva or King Lord Indra), but he does not mention Buddhists, something that gives support to the theory that the latter religion was not widely known before the reign of Ashoka. His Indica served as an important source for many later writers such as Strabo and Arrian. He describes such features as the Himalayas and the island of Sri Lanka. He also describes a caste system different from the one that exists today, which shows that the caste system may to some extent be fluid and evolves.


Shak, Hoon, Kushan Tribes: When they came, even Europe, China also went through cycles of invasions, not only Bharatvarsh. China went through Hoon invasions and therefore to protect themselves erected The Great Wall of China. Hoon invaded Europeon Russia, Poland and Gaath, Roman empire.


Alexander during his Pursuit: Conquered Syria, Egypt, most of that time Europe, Bactria, Greece, Persia (Iran), Babylon etc.


From Here Where We GO? Now we know who we are. We know our strengths. We know our weakness. We are an independent nation. We must secure what we have. We must protect what is left with us. We must progress. We must develop our nation. For this to happen, we have to study our history and be vigilant. In the frame work of secularism, we must strive to achieve next level. We must have one thought. A thought that is above religion, a thought which will make our nation strong and progressive, a thread which will bind all of us, a fabric which has threads of the religion well woven binding us all. Each and every one of us should subjugate ourselves to our nation’s interests and goals. We cannot change certain things, so make peace with our history, accept and move ahead, without forgetting our victories, our failures, our mistakes and our history. Our task is cut. The first step is to secure our boundaries (which is not done till now) as these are the weak links in our Armour, or we can say chinks in the armour. Arrest infiltration and be firm with our neighbours. Remember we exist because our Nation exists. Otherwise our identity would be lost like other countries that have lost their identity years back. Our ideal should be one religion of humanity and one nation that is earth, but this is a distant dream. Till such time the concept of religions and nations are there we must preserve our identity. May be, after few centuries our civilization will be ready to accept earth as our nation and humanity as our religion.


Authors Referred: Plutarch, Jayaswal (Hindu Polity), Vincent Smith (Early History of India), Justin, Megasthenes account, Gibbon, Riyasatkar Sardesai and from net.