Saturday, June 29, 2013

WHO ARE WE ?????????? FINAL PART


Some Snippets (All references in these snippets are taken from Wikipedia! I acknowledge it here.  You can yourself ponder on our antiquity)

 

Languages

 

History of English Language: The history of the English language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th century AD (Sanskrit, Tamil developed 3000 years before it). These tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, crossed the North Sea from what today is Denmark and northern Germany. At that time the inhabitants of Britain spoke a Celtic language. But most of the Celtic speakers were pushed west and north by the invaders - mainly into what is now Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The Angles came from "Englaland" and their language was called "Englisc" - from which the words "England" and "English" are derived. Later by 11th century Latin had more influence than Greek language on English Lexicon.

 

History of Greek Language: Greek has been spoken in the Balkan Peninsula since around the late 3rd millennium BC (Antiquity of Sanskrit and Tamil is as good as Greek). The earliest written evidence is found in the Linear B clay tablets in the "Room of the Chariot Tablets", an LMIII A-context (c. 1400 BC) region of Knossos, in Crete, making Greek the world's oldest recorded living language (Not Sanskrit of Tamil because in Aryavarta, Bharatvarsha we used to recite not write!). Among the Indo-European languages, its date of earliest written attestation is matched only by the now extinct Anatolian languages.

 

History of Latin Language: Latin is a member of the broad family of Italic languages. Its alphabet, the Latin alphabet, emerged from the Old Italic alphabets, which in turn were derived

from the Greek and Phoenician scripts. Historical Latin came from the prehistoric language of the Latium region, specifically around the River Tiber, where Roman civilization first developed. How and when Latin came to be spoken by the Romans are questions that have long been debated. Various influences on Latin of Celtic dialects in northern Italy, the non-Indo-European Etruscan language in Central Italy, and the Greek of southern Italy have been detected, but when these influences entered the native Latin is not known for certain.

 

History of Sanskrit Language: Sanskrit is a member of the Indo-Iranian sub-family of the Indo-European family of languages. Its closest ancient relatives are the Iranian languages Old Persian and Avestan. In order to explain the common features shared by Sanskrit and other Indo-European languages, many scholars have proposed migration hypotheses asserting that the original speakers of what became Sanskrit arrived in what is now India and Pakistan from the north-west some time during the early second millennium BC. Evidence for such a theory includes the close relationship of the Indo-Iranian tongues with the Baltic and Slavic languages, vocabulary exchange with the non-Indo-European Uralic languages, and the nature of the attested Indo-European words for flora and fauna.

 

History of Tamil Language: As a Dravidian language, Tamil descends from Proto-Dravidian. Linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto-Dravidian was spoken around the third millennium BC, possibly in the region around the lower Godavari river basin in peninsular India. The material evidence suggests that the speakers of Proto-Dravidian were the culture associated with the Neolithic complexes of South India. The next phase in the reconstructed proto-history of Tamil is Proto-South Dravidian. The linguistic evidence suggests that Proto-South Dravidian was spoken around the middle of the second millennium BC, and that proto-Tamil emerged around the 3rd century BC. The earliest epigraphic attestations of Tamil are generally taken to have been written shortly thereafter. Among Indian languages, Tamil has the most ancient non-Sanskritised Indian literature. Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world. It has been described as "the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past" and having "one of the richest literatures in the world". Tamil literature has existed for over 2000 years. The earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BC. The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from ca. 300 BC – 300 AD.

 

HISTORY OF OTHER NATIONS – Before 350 BC there were no notable invasions and the civilizations were forming.

 

History of England: In AD 43 the Roman conquest of Britain began; the Romans maintained control of their province of Britannia through to the 5th century.  The end of Roman rule in Britain enabled the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain, which is often regarded as the origin of England and the English people. The Anglo-Saxons, a collection of various Germanic peoples, established several kingdoms that became the primary powers in what is now England and parts of southern Scotland. They introduced the Old English language, which displaced the previous British language. The Anglo-Saxons warred with British successor states in Wales, Cornwall, and the Hen Ogledd (Old North; the Brythonic-speaking parts of northern England and southern Scotland), as well as with each other. Raids by the Vikings were frequent after about AD 800, and the Norsemen took control of large parts of what is now England. During this period several rulers attempted to unite the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, an effort that led to the emergence of the Kingdom of England by the 10th century.

 

History of India:       From 327 BC to 2012 AD for 2340 years of history, around 800 years were free, 800 years we were at war with various invaders and around 800 years we were under the rule of foreign invaders. At the same time South India was almost free, stable and progressing for 1400 years. There are many countries who have same pattern, England France were at war for over 1000 years! Some countries like Egypt and Middle East gave up and lost their identity. Some countries like Spain fought and when they won, finished the Muslim invaders and all their signs of victory were demolished. Therefore Spain is still free and without any sign of being ruled left in that country.

 

History of Russia: The history of Russia begins with that of the Eastern Slavs and the Finno-Ugric peoples. The first united East Slavic state, was founded by Rurik's successor Oleg of Novgorod in 882. The state adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988,beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Kievan Rus' ultimately disintegrated as a state because of the Mongol invasion of Rus' in 1237–1240. During that time a number of regional magnates, in particular Novgorod and Pskov, fought to inherit the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'. After the 13th century, Moscow came to dominate the former cultural center. By the 18th century, the Tsardom of Russia had become the huge Russian Empire, stretching from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth eastward to the Pacific Ocean.

 

History of America: The history of the United States as covered in American schools and universities typically begins with either Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage to the Americas or with the prehistory of the Native peoples, with the latter approach having become increasingly common in recent decades. Indigenous populations lived in what is now the United States before European colonists began to arrive, mostly from England, after 1600. By the 1770s, thirteen British colonies contained two and a half million people. They were prosperous and growing rapidly, and had developed their own autonomous political and legal systems. The British Parliament asserted its authority over these colonies by imposing new taxes, which the Americans insisted were unconstitutional because they were not represented in Parliament. Growing conflicts turned into full-fledged war beginning in April 1775. On July 4, 1776, the colonies declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and became the United States of America. The identity of original inhabitants were lost.


South India free for 1400 years



                          


Some Interesting Names…

 

Present Name
Names during Bharatvarsh
Afghanisthan
Ahigansthan
Kabul river
kubha nadi
Yavan
Yayati son anu (Yavan from corrupt form of..)
Alexander
Sikander in Persian
Jhelam River
Vitasta nadi
Jeuz
Diu (corrupt form)
Port
Pattanprasth
Atom Bomb
Kaal Dhwam (This is new suggested word in Hindi)
Swat  region
Suvastu
Gumal
Gomati
Peshavar
Purushpur
Punjab / Sindh
Panchnad (five rivers). Earlier in Puranas Saptasindhu (seven rivers amongst it one was Saraswati) got corrupted to HaptaHindu and people living this side of Sindu got the name of Hindu, because we were one of the strongest and modern civilization so people used to talk about us!
Gibralter
Jabel E Tarik
Bay of Bengal
Gangasagar
Arabian sea
Sindhusagar
Great Trunk Road (GT Road)
Uttarpath

 

Writing of Magasthenes: Such was the kingdom of Chandragupta that Megasthenes was permanent Ambassador to him (from Greece). He writes - At the beginning of his Indica, he refers to the older Indians who know about the prehistoric arrival of Dionysus and Hercules in India, which was a story very popular amongst the Greeks during the Alexandrian period. Particularly important are his comments on the religions of the Indians. He mentions the devotees of Heracles (Lord Krishna) and Dionysus (Lord Shiva or King Lord Indra), but he does not mention Buddhists, something that gives support to the theory that the latter religion was not widely known before the reign of Ashoka. His Indica served as an important source for many later writers such as Strabo and Arrian. He describes such features as the Himalayas and the island of Sri Lanka. He also describes a caste system different from the one that exists today, which shows that the caste system may to some extent be fluid and evolves.

 

Shak, Hoon, Kushan Tribes: When they came, even Europe, China also went through cycles of invasions, not only Bharatvarsh. China went through Hoon invasions and therefore to protect themselves erected The Great Wall of China. Hoon invaded Europeon Russia, Poland and Gaath, Roman empire.

 

Alexander during his Pursuit: Conquered Syria, Egypt, most of that time Europe, Bactria, Greece, Persia (Iran), Babylon etc.

 

From Here Where We GO? Now we know who we are. We know our strengths. We know our weakness. We are an independent nation. We must secure what we have. We must protect what is left with us. We must progress. We must develop our nation. For this to happen, we have to study our history and be vigilant. In the frame work of secularism, we must strive to achieve next level. We must have one thought. A thought that is above religion, a thought which will make our nation strong and progressive, a thread which will bind all of us, a fabric which has threads of the religion well woven binding us all. Each and every one of us should subjugate ourselves to our nation’s interests and goals. We cannot change certain things, so make peace with our history, accept and move ahead, without forgetting our victories, our failures, our mistakes and our history. Our task is cut. The first step is to secure our boundaries (which is not done till now) as these are the weak links in our Armour, or we can say chinks in the armour. Arrest infiltration and be firm with our neighbours. Remember we exist because our Nation exists. Otherwise our identity would be lost like other countries that have lost their identity years back. Our ideal should be one religion of humanity and one nation that is earth, but this is a distant dream. Till such time the concept of religions and nations are there we must preserve our identity. May be, after few centuries our civilization will be ready to accept earth as our nation and humanity as our religion.

 

Authors Referred: Plutarch, Jayaswal (Hindu Polity), Vincent Smith (Early History of India), Justin, Megasthenes account, Gibbon, Riyasatkar Sardesai and from net.

 

 

HAVE YOU TAKEN Rashtravrat  (राष्ट्रव्रत)? YOU HAVE TO BE ONLINE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT IT. JUST CTRL+ CLICK ON THE WORD, YOU WILL GET TO KNOW, WHAT IT IS.

 

 

WE ARE NOT A NATION OF DEFEAT, SUBJUGATION OR AT THE RECEIVING END OF OUR INVADERS. GREAT NATIONS ALWAYS GO THROUGH THIS CYCLE OF INVASIONS, IT IS NOT HOW MANY TIMES WE WERE INVADED BUT IT IS HOW WE CAME OUT OF IT. THERE ARE MANY COUNTRIES WHICH WERE ERASED FROM THE MAP OF THE WORLD BY INVASIONS OR IF THEY STILL EXISTS ON THE MAP, THEIR CULTURE, THEIR RELIGION WAS CHANGED PERMANENTLY THAT MEANS THEIR IDENTITY WAS CHANGED…… NOT OURS, OUR IDENTITY IS INTACT……. BUT, AS USUAL … CONDITIONS APPLY……………..

 

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